On 14 July 1946, French national day, Winston Churchill, former British Prime Minister, visits the City of Metz. After reviewing the troops with Robert Schuman, MP for the Moselle, and General Julliot, Governor of Metz, he delivers an address in support of European unity.
On 15 July 1946, the front page of the French daily newspaper Le Courrier de Metz illustrates the historic visit of former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill to Metz and emphasises the importance of his speech in favour of European unity.
In April 1947, in the French journal Fédération, the journalist Emery Reves, author of the best seller The Anatomy of Peace, argues in favour of the establishment of an international federal government.
On 11 April 1948, in a radio broadcast, Pierre Dupong, Luxembourg Minister of State, underlines the importance of achieving European solidarity in order to put an end once and for all to armed conflict in Europe.
On 9 May 1948, the Brussels weekly publication Le Phare Dimanche comments with a degree of scepticism on the initiatives for European unity and particularly emphasises the need to guarantee Europe’s security against the USSR.
On 18 July 1948, in an address given at the University of Perugia, Count Carlo Sforza, Italian Foreign Minister, summarises the historical development of the European idea and calls on his fellow countrymen to work actively towards the unification of the continent.
On 3 September 1948, quoting the American journalist, Walter Lippmann, the British daily newspaper Daily Mail comments on the attitude of the Labour Government towards European unity. It notes that Marshall Aid and Western Union will remain ineffective if the British Prime Minister, Clement Attlee, and his Foreign Secretary, Ernest Bevin, do not alter the course of British domestic and foreign policy.
On 19 November 1948, British cartoonist David Low portrays Charles de Gaulle, leader of the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946, who reveals his very personal take on the idea of Europe to US President Harry Truman and British Prime Minister Clement Attlee.
In this interview, Paul Collowald, former journalist on the daily newspaper Le Nouvel Alsacien and former European correspondent in Alsace for the daily newspaper Le Monde, describes the political implications of the address delivered in Metz on 14 July 1946, the French national day, by Winston Churchill, former British Prime Minister, in support of European unity.
In this private interview, Archduke Otto von Habsburg-Lothringen, President of the International Paneuropean Union, distinguishes Jean Monnet’s technocratic vision of a united Europe from the more visionary perception of Richard Coudenhove-Kalergi, founder of the Paneuropean Union.
In this interview, journalist Jean-Pierre Gouzy, a former Member of the Executive of the French Movement for the United States of Europe and of the French Union of Federalists, identifies the reasons for the proliferation of pro-European movements after the Second World War.
In this interview, journalist Jean-Pierre Gouzy, former Member of the Executive of the French Movement for the United States of Europe and of the French Union of Federalists, recalls the origins of the pro-European tendency in France after the Second World War.
In this interview, journalist Jean-Pierre Gouzy, former Member of the Executive of the French Movement for the United States of Europe and of the French Union of Federalists, explains the reasons for his commitment to European federalism.