On 25 June 1950, the troops of North Korea invaded South Korea. The United Nations (UN) called on its members to support South Korea. The war ended with the signing of the ceasefire agreement at Panmunjom on 27 July 1953.
On 25 June 1950, the United Nations Security Council reacts to the invasion of South Korea by North Korean Communist troops by demanding the immediate cessation of hostilities and the withdrawal of the North Korean army beyond the 38th parallel.
On 27 June 1950, following the invasion of South Korea by the North Korean Army, the French daily newspaper Le Monde condemns both the inconsistency of US policy in the Far East and the Communist policy of aggression encouraged by the Soviet Union.
On 27 June 1950, the US Ambassador Alan G. Kirk presents Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gromyko with an aide-memoire calling on Moscow not to intervene in the conflict between North Korea and South Korea and to use its influence to bring the hostilities to an end.
On 30 June 1950, the British cartoonist, David Low, illustrates the determination of both the US President, Harry Truman, and the United Nations (UN) to bring to an end the invasion of South Korea by Communist North Korean troops using military means, thereby ending the pacifism which had prevailed in the interwar period within the now defunct League of Nations.
‘Perspective: Oh dear — is this the dress rehearsal!??!?’ In July 1950, commenting on the Korean Conflict, the Saar satirical magazine Der Tintenfisch illustrates the fears of the Federal Chancellor, Konrad Adenauer, and Wilhelm Pieck, President of the German Democratic Republic (GDR), with regard to future relations between the two Germanys and the danger of an armed conflict between the FRG and the GDR.
On 1 July 1950, the Dutch daily newspaper Het Parool highlights the risks of the current conflict in Korea and emphasises the role played by the two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, in this war.
On 9 August 1950, commenting on the geopolitical implications of the Korean War from the platform of the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe, the Frenchman, Paul Reynaud, urges European countries to organise their common defence.
In this interview, Paul Collowald, former journalist on the daily newspaper Le Nouvel Alsacien and former European correspondent in Alsace for the daily newspaper Le Monde, outlines the attitude of the Consultative Assembly of the Council of Europe in August 1950, in the light of the outbreak of the Korean War.
‘The Korean War — keeping it tight’. In October 1950, in the Luxembourg Socialist daily newspaper Tageblatt, the cartoonist Simon illustrates the issue of the 38th Parallel, a symbol of the separation of the two Koreas.
In December 1950, in the freezing temperatures of North Korea, US soldiers from the 1st Marine Division and 7th Infantry Division, on the point of being completely surrounded, wait to be evacuated after the harsh combats against the Chinese Communist troops around the Chosin Reservoir.
On 15 January 1951, the US delegate, Warren B. Austin, gives an address before the United Nations Assembly in which he denounces Communist imperialism in Korea and across the world and asks the UN to take measures to deal with the situation.
On 3 April 1951, US General Douglas MacArthur travels to a command post near the 38th parallel, the military demarcation between North and South Korea. Some days later, on 11 April, he would be relieved of his functions by US President Harry S. Truman following a disagreement between the US Administration and the General over the outcome of the conflict in Korea.
On 18 September 1951, at the United Nations Security Council, the US delegate, Austin B. Warren, accuses the Soviet Union of supplying arms to North Korea. To prove his case, he brandishes a Soviet rifle seized by US troops on the battlefield.
Convention between the commander in chief of the United Nations forces, the supreme commander of the Korean People's Army and the commander of the Chinese People's Volunteers regarding a military armistice in Korea, signed on 27 July 1953 in Panmunjom.