On 9 January 1956, John Foster Dulles, US Secretary of State, sends a memorandum to the US President, Dwight D. Eisenhower, in which he outlines the need for the United States to support European integration in the area of nuclear energy.
On 13 April 1956, the United States Atomic Energy Commission forwards to the US Secretary of State, John Foster Dulles, a report outlining the action that the United States might take in order to support the efforts of European countries at integration in the field of nuclear energy.
On 28 May 1956, officials in the Luxembourg Foreign Ministry forward to Joseph Bech, Luxembourg Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, a confidential note which sets out the position of the United States vis-à-vis the future European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).
On 8 February 1957, the US State Department, the US Commission for Atomic Energy and the Committee of Three Wise Men on atomic energy in Europe publish a joint communiqué in which they undertake to cooperate together to construct nuclear power stations in Europe.
On 16 January 1957, the Italian newspaper Il nuovo Corriere della Sera describes the stance taken by the United States regarding the Treaties establishing the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).
On 9 February 1957, the Action Committee for a United States of Europe publishes a memorandum on the activities of the Committee of the Three Wise Men reponsible for drawing up a list of Europe’s nuclear energy requirements and resources.
On 9 February 1957, Jean Monnet, President of the Action Committee for the United States of Europe (ACUSE), sends a letter to Cornelius Wilhelmus van Wingerden, Chairman of the Dutch Trade Union Federation and member of ACUSE, in which he welcomes the success of the visit paid to the United States and Canada by Europe’s ‘Three Wise Men’ (Louis Armand, Franz Etzel and Francesco Giordani) in order to prepare their report on Euratom.
On 10 February 1957, the Belgian daily newspaper Le Soir gives an account of the ongoing negotiations between the ‘Three Wise Men’ and the United States on the building of new nuclear power stations under Euratom and emphasises the special situation of Belgium and its Congolese uranium.
On 22 February 1957, reporting on the work of the Committee of the Three Wise Men on the objectives of Euratom, the daily newspaper Luxemburger Wort considers the role of nuclear power in meeting the energy needs of the six Member States of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC).
On 22 February 1957, Pathé Journal (Paris) gives an account of the fact-finding mission undertaken by the Three Wise Men (Louis Armand, Franz Etzel and Francesco Giordani) to the United States and Canada to view certain nuclear installations before finalising their report on the future of nuclear energy in Europe, as requested by the six Member States of the future European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).
On 26 February 1957, the Three Wise Men (from left to right: Franz Etzel from Germany, Louis Armand from France and Francesco Giordani from Italy) travel to London to meet Lord Mills, British Minister for Power, as part of the preparation of their report on the objectives of the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom).
On 23 March 1957, the Italian daily newspaper Mondo Economico publishes an interview with Professor Francesco Giordani, Member of the Committee of the Three Wise Men established by Euratom, which outlines the aims and implications of the Committee’s task.
On 1 March 1957, the Committee of the Three Wise Men and the United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority publish a joint press release on future cooperation between the six Member States of Euratom and Great Britain in the field of nuclear energy.
On 4 May 1957, in the annex of their report on the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom), Louis Armand, Franz Etzel and Francesco Giordiani include a letter to the Foreign Ministers of the six Member States of Euratom in which they outline the work involved in drawing up the report.
On 4 May 1957, the Committee of Three Wise Men (Louis Armand from France, Franz Etzel from Germany and Francesco Giordani from Italy) submits its report entitled ‘A target for Euratom’, which reviews Europe’s needs and its resources in the field of nuclear energy, to the governments of the six Member States of the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC).
In spring 1957, the Committee of the Three Wise Men carries out a series of study missions and visits to laboratories in Europe, Canada and the United States to prepare its report entitled ‘A target for Euratom’. From left to right: the German Franz Etzel, the Frenchman Louis Armand and the Italian Francesco Giordani.
In May 1957, the journal Revue générale belge analyses in detail the report on Euratom drawn up by the ‘Three Wise Men’ and outlines the economic and political implications of cooperation in the nuclear field for Europe’s energy policy.
On 26 June 1957, Jean Andriot, Head of the General Programmes Office of the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA), draws up a note in which he weighs up the implications of the proposals set out in the report compiled by the Three Wise Men for Euratom on the nuclear programmes of the CEA and Électricité de France (EDF).
On 31 July 1957, commenting on the report of the ‘Three Wise Men', the German daily newspaper Deutsche Zeitung focuses on the attitude of the European countries to the use of nuclear power as a source of energy.
In November 1957, Max Kohnstamm, former Secretary-General of the Committee of the Three Wise Men and Secretary-General of the Action Committee for a United States of Europe, reports on the visit that he paid to the United States in order to sound out the possibility of nuclear cooperation between the US and Euratom.
In December 1957, in reaction to the publication of the report by the Three Wise Men focusing on the problems surrounding Euratom, the International Federation of Self-Generating Industrial Users of Electricity (FIPACE) reflects on present and future European policies.
In 1958, Louis Armand, first President of the Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community (EAEC or Euratom), outlines the implications of nuclear power, particularly for industry, and, drawing on the findings of the report by the ‘Three Wise Men’, emphasises Euratom’s objectives.
In this interview, Max Kohnstamm, former Secretary of the Committee of the Three Wise Men, responsible in November 1956 for compiling a report on nuclear energy in Europe, outlines the working methods of the Committee and the implications of the establishment of Euratom in the mid-1950s.