Born on 22 November 1942 in Rome (ITA)

Nationality: Italian

Economist at the Bank of Italy (1967–1970)

Economist in the Exchange and Trade Relations Department then assistant to the Executive Director for Italy, Spain, Greece and Portugal at the International Monetary Fund (IMF) (1970–1975)

Assigned to the Research Department, Head of the Office for International Monetary and Financial Issues (1975–1984) and Head of the Foreign Department (1984–1997) at the Bank of Italy

Managing Director for International Affairs at the Bank of Italy (1997–2003)

Member of the committee set up by the Italian Government to manage the changeover to the single currency (1998–2002) and, in this capacity, chairman of the ‘finance’ subcommittee (2000–2002)

Vice President of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) (2003–2006)

Member of the Governing Board and Senior Deputy Governor at the Bank of Italy (2006–2013)

Italian Minister for Economic Affairs and Finance (2013–2014)

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